Red Clover

Trifolium pratense

  1. Wildlife
  2. Wildflowers
  3. Red Clover


Red Clover is a common plant of all kinds of grassy areas in the UK, from lawns to pastures, roadsides to meadows. It is sown as a fodder crop for livestock and has long been used in crop rotation systems because of its ability to fix nitrogen, enriching soils. The trefoil leaves are collected by Wood Mice and the flowers are sort after by all kinds of bumblebees for their nectar.

How to identify

Like other clovers, the leaves of Red Clover have the familiar trefoil look with three green leaflets each bearing a white V-shaped marking. The pinky-red flowers are borne in rounded heads and appear from May to October.

Where to find it



When to find it

  • May
  • June
  • July
  • August
  • September
  • October

How can people help

Many of our so-called 'weeds' are beneficial to wildlife, providing food for nectar-loving insects and shelter for minibeasts. Try leaving wilder areas in your garden, such as patches of Red Clover in your lawn and Stinging Nettles near the compost heap, and see who comes to visit... To find out more about wildlife-friendly gardening, visit our Wild About Gardens website: a joint initiative with the RHS, there's plenty of facts and tips to get you started.

Species information

Common name
Red Clover
Latin name
Trifolium pratense
Height: up to 40cm
Conservation status