Primula vulgaris


A hardy little plant, the Primrose can flower from as early as December in mild years, appearing all the way through the spring until May. It favours woodland clearings, hedgerows and grassland habitats, and sometimes even gardens. Primroses are the foodplant of the caterpillars of the rare Duke of Burgundy Butterfly, which is a Priority Species in the UK Biodiversity Action Plan. Since Victorian times, April 19 has been known as 'Primrose Day' in honour of the late Prime Minister Benjamin Disraeli; his favourite flowers are placed at his statue in Westminster Abbey and his grave at Hughenden in Buckinghamshire.

How to identify

Primroses are low-growing plants with rough textured, tongue-like leaves and grow in a rosette. Their flowers are large and creamy with deeper yellow centres, and often appear clustered together.

Where to find it



When to find it

  • December
  • January
  • February
  • March
  • April
  • May

How can people help

The Wildlife Trusts manage many woodland nature reserves sympathetically for a range of spring flowers, from pretty Primroses to fragrant Ramsons, showy Bluebells to delicate Wood Anemones. A mix of coppicing, scrub-cutting and ride maintenance open up the woodland floor to the sun, helping many flowers and plants to thrive. You can help too: volunteer for your local Wildlife Trust and you could be involved in everything from traditional forest crafts to raising awareness about woodland wildlife.

Species information

Common name
Latin name
Primula vulgaris
Height: up to 20cm
Conservation status