Rubus fruticosus


The Bramble or, as many of us know it, 'Blackberry', is a thorny, fruiting shrub of the rose family, famous for its berries which are relished by people and animals alike. It grows well in a variety of habitats including woodlands, hedgerows, gardens and scrubland, cliffs, roadside verges and waste ground. Its dense bushes provide valuable protection for nesting birds and good habitat for a range of other small animals. White or pinkish flowers appear between May and September and juicy black fruits are visible throughout the autumn.

How to identify

Bramble has jagged-edged leaves with five to seven oval leaflets. The thick, arching stems of the scrambling plant are protected by an army of sharp thorns. Its flowers can be white or pink, turning first to green, then red, then finally blackberries.

Where to find it



When to find it

  • January
  • February
  • March
  • April
  • May
  • June
  • July
  • August
  • September
  • October
  • November
  • December

How can people help

Our common plants provide vital food and shelter for all kinds of wildlife: for example, Brambles are an important source of nectar for Brimstone and Speckled Wood Butterflies, fruits for Song Thrushes and Yellowhammers, and hiding places for Hedgehogs and Dormice. Try planting native flowers and shrubs to encourage nesting birds, feeding mammals and invertebrates into your backyard. To find out more about wildlife-friendly gardening, visit our Wild About Gardens website: a joint initiative with the RHS, there's plenty of facts and tips to get you started.

Species information

Common name
Latin name
Rubus fruticosus
Height: up to 3m
Conservation status