Bloody Crane's-bill

Geranium sanguineum

  1. Wildlife
  2. Wildflowers
  3. Bloody Crane's-bill


The startling magenta flowers of Bloody Crane's-bill are a stark contrast to the grey limestone pavements of the Dales and Welsh cliffs it favours. It can also be seen on calcareous grassland and sand dunes. It flowers between June and August, the flowers subtly changing colour as they fade.

How to identify

Bloody Crane's-bill is a clump-forming perennial with deeply lobed, dark green leaves. Its large magenta flowers are cup-shaped and have five petals; they sit on slender stalks.

Where to find it

Most common in the limestone areas of northern England, but also found in Wales. Absent from the south-east of England.


When to find it

  • June
  • July
  • August

How can people help

More than 90% of Europe's rare limestone pavements are found in the UK. These bare expanses of rock, criss-crossed by deep fissures, were laid 300 million years ago under a warm sea, and exposed as rock during the last ice age. But, today, there are less than 3,000 hectares left, much of which has already been damaged by excavation for stone. This has had a detrimental impact on the wildlife that depends on this habitat. The Wildlife Trusts are working with a range of organisations and individuals to protect these precious sites. We have a vision of a 'Living Landscape': a network of habitats and wildlife corridors across town and country, which are good for both wildlife and people. You can support this greener vision for the future by joining your local Wildlife Trust.

Species information

Common name
Bloody Crane's-bill
Latin name
Geranium sanguineum
Height: up to 25cm
Conservation status